Sanjida Mahmud Misty, Student (JnU) 13 Oct, 20
Today is 13 October 2020, "International Disaster Mitigation Day". Like other countries in Bangladesh this day is celebrated through various events. This day is being celebrated in our country like every other year. Due to its geographical location Bangladesh is known as a "disaster prone " country. And that's why, the Bangladesh government took the initiative to celebrate tis day. The theme for this year is, Good Governance in Disaster Risk Reduction. Ensuring Sustainable Development.
Disaster is a natural or man-made catastrophic accident. Most of the disaster are organised in the nature of violence. Disasters often change a persons mental outlook. Disaster is not only a problem of Bangladesh but also a global problem.
Mitigation means to reduce, to lessen something. Disaster Mitigation means reducing the level of disaster. In fact, disasters can not be stopped completely, but the level of disasters can be reduced by preventing disasters. So the word "Mitigation" has been used in conjunction with the word "disaster".
The word "Disaster" is derived from Middle French "Disastre" and that from old Italian "Disastro" which in trun comes from the ancient Greek.
There are two types of disaster. The first one is natural Disaster and the second one us man-made disaster. Natural disaster are any natural phenomena that have an adverse effect on the socio-economic condition of the people. The disaster caused by human unconsciousness is called man-made disaster.
There's behind a lot of reasons by caused disaster. Natural disaster are caused due to, different reasons like soil erison, sesmic activity, tectonic movement, air pressure, and ocean current etc. Human made disaster are created by the consequence of technical or human haphazards, industrial accidents, nuclear radiation, terrorism by and largely. War may also be put in this category.
Cyclone, Cedar, Islas, Flood, Drought, Earthquake, Tsunami, Fires, Deforestation, Landslide, River erison, are some of the most well known natural disaster, which are often organized in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh suffers from floods, clyclones, bank erison salinity intrusion. Clyclones and floods particularly caused massive damage in our country.
In many countries as like Bangladesh, monstrous deforestation is going onis changing climate and geography. Now it is very clear to all of that, deforestation has a substantial contribution to global warming.
In the last 20 years, flooding has been the most common natural disaster by far, all most 43% of all recorded events.
In a joint report with the UN office for disaster risk reduction the centre for research on the epidemiology of disaster recorded 3062 natural flood disaster between 1995 and 2015.
Dhaka the capital of Bangladesh, has had 10 earthquake in the past 365 days. The Chittagong earthquake occurred on 21 November at 11.23, in the Bangladesh Indian-maynmar boarder region are known to a great hamperful earthquake in Bangladesh.
The Bangladesh Disaster Forum has been working for a long time on disaster management in the coastal area of Bangladesh. Gawhar Naeem, a specialist of this organisation told to "BBC BANGLA" that the people of Bangladesh, "they are not afraid of wind, but they are afraid of water" when there is a cyclone at hightide the water level are rised. This was the case in 1970 and 1991 cyclones.
It's very hard to calculate the exact amount of damage caused by the disaster. Besides, those who are lost at sea also leave to be excluded from the government calculation. Therefor, it is not possible for the government to help all the victims.
So, we should be very concerned about this matter so that, no one is harmed by it. Only then is it possible to bring sustainable development in our country.
Sanjida Mahmud Misty
First year student of IER